The PHRD is mandated to:

  • Observe and defend human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with constitutional and legal, UN Human Rights’ conventions, principles of Paris convention.
  • Advocate the protection and promotion of human rights issues particularly in Puntland State of Somalia.


In accordance with Article 118 of the Constitution of Puntland State of Somalia and Article 12 of the Human Rights Defender Act of 2011, the Human Right Defender plays key broad functions which are:

  1. To prevent violation of human rights by providing advice to the relevant authorities.
  2. To promote awareness and respect, among the public and public officials, of the importance of protecting human rights that are enshrined in the Constitution and the laws of Puntland, as well as in international protocols and human rights conventions.
  3. To investigate any allegations reported by citizens or social organizations regarding violations of human rights and then present the results to the relevant authorities.
  4. To support victims whose rights have been violated and defend them in the court or the public.
  5. To appoint special committees that will help the defender fulfill his/her duties.
  6. To monitor places where he/she suspects human rights violations have been or are taking place.
  7. To advocate the reform of laws or administrative procedures in order to increase the protection and respect of human rights.
  8. To issue an annual report on the condition of human rights in Puntland State.
  9. To submit a proposed legislation to the Council of Ministers related to human rights.
  10. To interrogate any person who has links to (or is interfering with) an ongoing investigation issue that the office is dealing with.
  11. The defender has the power of investigator and fact finding when discharging his/her duties.
  12. To investigate any allegations that arises on violations or abuses of citizens’ human rights.